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 |   MISSION |

 

 

What is the Big Bang?

How the world began.

 

RABBI MOSHE BEN-CHAIM
Founder: Mesora.org & the Jewishtimes

 

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Edwin Hubble’s (1889-1953) observations showed that distant galaxies were speeding away from us at huge speed — which led to the discovery that the universe is expanding. And Belgian priest/astrophysicist Georges Lemaitre (1894-1966) was able to trace those expanding galaxies back to a single point of origin for the universe, a little idea that became known as the “Big Bang Theory.” The Big Bang refers to the start of the universe — a tremendous explosion — which occurred nearly 14 billion years ago. Since that bang when all matter began, all galaxies are today still zooming away from the center of that bang. Tracing the galaxies’ paths backwards, Lemaitre calculated where that bang took place.

But as science is based on observable matter and laws, which did not exist prior to the Big Bang science cannot know what caused the Big Bang. Judaism teaches that God  caused the creation of the universe from nothingness. This is truly astonishing. People who doubt this have doubts due to their inability to think in a manner different from their experience. They think that as all they see now comes from something prior, like animals coming from their parent, and like moisture coming from water, they also believe the start of the universe must have had some prior physical source. But as natural laws of cause and effect did not exist before the universe, nothing demands the universe's creation followed natural laws as we know them today. Therefore it is possible that God made the universe from literally nothing.

Furthermore, if one suggests the universe was made from something physical called X, we must ask from what X was made. We might say X was made from W, which was made from V, which was made from U, ad infinitum.  This would, go back infinitely, and that is impossible to have an endless chain of causes. Because an endless chain of causes has no first cause, and without a first cause, nothing started the chain to exist.

 

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